(Source: Humanium.org) – In Senegal, 1 in 2 children is not registered in the civil registry, 1 in 4 children aged 5 to 17 carries out work that is detrimental to their health or development, and 9 out of 10 children are victims of violence. Thus, Senegal faces many challenges that must be addressed if children are to be provided with the adequate living environment for their proper and full development.

Status of Senegal Children’s Rights

Senegal ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child on 31 July 1990. Through this ratification, Senegal recognizes that the child is a holder of rights. Moreover, it recognizes the compelling need to protect children and ensure their “survival and development as much as possible”. However, during its participation in the Universal Periodic Review, Senegal stressed the need to make additional efforts in order to protect children and provide them with a better living environment.

Children in Senegal face many challenges with regard to achieving their rights. Education poses a major challenge, particularly due to the prevalence of informal education and the low literacy rate. Living conditions within households are yet to be improved, so that children have access to safe and decent housing, access to water and sanitation, and a constant supply of electricity.

Senegal also has to face the phenomenon of talibés or child beggars. Each challenge requires special attention and continuous efforts on the part of the authorities if the protection and proper development of Senegalese children are to be guaranteed.

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